Source: Adobe/Bits and Splits
Two individuals were arrested this morning in Manhattan for an alleged conspiracy to launder bitcoin (BTC) that was stolen during the 2016 hack of Bitfinex, presently valued at approximately USD 4.5bn, the US Department of Justice (DoJ) said. BTC kept correcting its gains following the news, while Bitfinex’s LEO token skyrocketed.
According to the department, thus far, law enforcement has seized over USD 3.6bn in BTC linked to that hack.
Per the DoJ, the suspects, Ilya Lichtenstein, 34, and his wife, Heather Morgan, 31, both of New York, are scheduled to make their initial appearances in federal court today at 3:00 PM local time in Manhattan.
They are charged with conspiracy to commit money laundering, which carries a maximum sentence of 20 years in prison, and conspiracy to defraud the United States, which carries a maximum sentence of five years in prison, the DoJ said.
According to the department, this is what happened:
Lichtenstein and Morgan allegedly conspired to launder the proceeds of BTC 119,754 that were stolen from Bitfinex.
Over the last five years, approximately BTC 25,000 were transferred out of Lichtenstein’s wallet via a complicated money laundering process that ended with some of the stolen funds being deposited into financial accounts controlled by Lichtenstein and Morgan.
The remainder of the stolen funds, comprising more than 94,000 bitcoin, remained in the wallet used to receive and store the illegal proceeds from the hack.
However, special agents obtained access to files within an online account controlled by Lichtenstein and also accessed the private keys required to access BTC 94,000 (valued at USD 3.6bn at the time of seizure) stolen from Bitfinex.
“Today, federal law enforcement demonstrates once again that we can follow money through the blockchain, and that we will not allow cryptocurrency to be a safe haven for money laundering or a zone of lawlessness within our financial system,” Assistant Attorney General Kenneth A. Polite Jr. of the Justice Department’s Criminal Division, was quoted as saying in the announcement.
Per the DoJ, the suspects allegedly “employed numerous sophisticated laundering techniques”:
Used fictitious identities to set up online accounts
Utilized computer programs to automate transactions, a laundering technique that allows for many transactions to take place in a short period of time
Deposited the stolen funds into accounts at a variety of virtual currency exchanges and darknet markets and then withdrawing the funds, obfuscating the trail of the transaction history by breaking up the fund flow
Converted BTC to other forms of virtual currency, including anonymity-enhanced virtual currency (AEC), in a practice known as “chain hopping”; and using US-based business accounts to legitimize their banking activity.
Number of bitcoins from the Bitfinex hack received each month by the largest destinations. A significant amount of time can elapse between the funds leaving the theft wallet, and reaching one of these destinations. Source: Elliptic
“We’re pleased that DoJ has recovered a significant portion of the bitcoin stolen during the 2016 hack. We have been cooperating extensively with DoJ since its investigation of this incident began,” Bitfinex said in an emailed comment.
The company declined to comment any further.
At 17:13 UTC, BTC traded at USD 43,009 and was down 1% in an hour, trimming all its daily gains. It’s down almost 2% in a day.
Meanwhile, LEO, the native token of Bitfinex, ranked 24th by market capitalization, skyrocketed following the news, surpassing USD 8 and more than doubling, compared to its previous all-time high. The price is now up 62% in a day and 119% in a week.
LEO price chart:
“If Bitfinex receives a recovery of the stolen bitcoin, as described in the UNUS SED LEO token white paper, Bitfinex will, within 18 months of the date it receives that recovery use an amount equal to 80% of the recovered net funds to repurchase and burn outstanding UNUS SED LEO tokens. These token repurchases can be accomplished in open market transactions or by acquiring UNUS SED LEO in over-the-counter trades, including directly trading bitcoin for UNUS SED LEO,” the exchange said today.
(Updated at 17:49 UTC with more details about the LEO token. Updated at 18:18 UTC with a line that Bitfinex declined to comment any further. Updated at 18:33 UTC with an infographic by Elliptic)