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Market Snapshot: U.S. stocks close at highest level since May after CPI data shows cooling inflation in July, easing pressure on Fed

U.S. stock indexes traded sharply higher on Wednesday, after July’s headline consumer price index showed inflation slowing due largely to lower energy prices, but potentially easing the burden on the Federal Reserve’s monetary policy.

How are stock indexes trading

The Dow Jones Industrial Average

 gained 445 points, or 1.4% to around 33,249.

The S&P 500 

 advanced 79 points, or 1.9% to 4,202.

The Nasdaq Composite

rallied 333 points, or 2.7% to 12,826.

On Tuesday, the Dow Jones Industrial Average fell 0.2% to 32774, the S&P 500 declined 0.4% to 4122 — its fourth-straight losing session — and the Nasdaq Composite dropped 1.2%, to 12493, its third consecutive drop.

What’s driving markets

The consumer price index was unchanged in July, compared with the 1.3% gain in the prior month, according to the Labor Department. The rate of inflation in the 12 months ended in July slowed to 8.5%from a 41-year high of 9.1% in June.

The closely-watched core measure of inflation that omits volatile food and energy prices rose 0.3% in July, a slower pace than a 0.7% gain in the prior month. The 12-month rate remained steady at 5.9%.

See: U.S. consumer price inflation surprises to downside in July

“A number of components that people have been flagging as being potentially problematic and keeping inflation persistent at high levels, started to show some easing,” Stephen Hoedt, managing director at equity and fixed income research at Key Private Bank, said in an interview. Hoedt cited a slowdown in the rise of the owners’ equivalent rent index and medical care index in July.

“I really do think that that opens the possibility to the Fed considering 50 basis point hikes instead of 75,” Hoedt said.

The Federal Reserve will consider the data ahead of its September 20-21 policy meeting where it is expected to raise its benchmark interest rate again.

Following the release of July inflation data, Fed funds futures are now pricing in higher odds of a 50 basis point interest rate hike from the Fed in September, a dramatic shift from just a day ago.

However, although the inflation data moderated a bit on the back of falling gasoline prices, some analysts still believe it’s running at a worryingly high rate as both shelter and food costs rose significantly. Shelter costs, which make up about one-third of the CPI weighting, rose 5.7% over the past 12 months.

“The persistence of still solid inflation data witnessed today, when combined with last week’s strong labor market data, and perhaps especially the still solid wage gains, places Fed policymakers firmly on the path toward continuation of aggressive tightening,” wrote Rick Rieder, chief investment officer of global fixed income at BlackRock Inc.’s and head of the BlackRock global allocation investment team, in an emailed comment. He believed the FOMC will stick with another 75 basis point hike at the September meeting, the third such substantial hike in a row.

Victoria Fernandez, chief market strategist at Crossmark Global Investments, said the markets overreacted on Wednesday as the inflation readings were not strong enough to make the Fed pivot.

“There’s a lot of data between now and then, but what I don’t think needs to be priced in is a strong fed pivot to completely take their foot off the gas and put the brakes on,” Fernandez told MarketWatch by phone on Wednesday. “I don’t think that’s going to happen, and it almost seems like the kind of what the market was pricing in a little bit today.”

According to Dow Jones Market Data, the Nasdaq Composite was on track to exit a bear market on Wednesday if it closes above 12,775, while the Dow Jones Industrial Average was set to end a market correction, as stocks rallied in the wake of the cooler July inflation reading and a fall in Treasury yields.

See: The Nasdaq is on track to exit a bear market — and the Dow to leave correction territory — after July CPI reading

“If this is truly the peak in inflation, this could officially signal an economic tide shift that both consumers and investors can appreciate,” Rusty Vanneman, chief investment strategist at Orion Advisor Solutions wrote in a Wednesday note. “That said, the absolute level of inflation remains painfully high and the risk of being a false peak remains, especially given that two important drivers of inflation are still troublesome: wages and housing.”

The dollar index

was down 1.1% to 105.17 and U.S. 10-year Treasury yields

eased 2.7 basis points to 2.761%.

Companies in focus

Sweetgreen Inc.

shares plunged 3.3% after the salad restaurant chain’s second-quarter financial results missed Wall Street’s expectations


shares gained 4.5% as bitcoin price advanced Wednesday, despite that the cryptocurrency exchange said volumes and monthly user counts could be lower in the current quarter than what was seen in the last one.

Shares of Plug Power Inc.

gained 16% Wednesday despite that the hydrogen fuel-cell company fell shy of expectations with its latest revenue and earnings.

Wendy’s Co.

shares lost 2.6%, after the fast-food company posted weaker-than-expected revenue for the second quarter. 

How are other assets faring

The West Texas Intermediate crude for September delivery  



was up 0.4%, to trade at $90.83 a barrel on the New York Mercantile Exchange. 

Gold futures expiring in December


rose $1.40, or 0.1%, to settle at $1,813.70, following a gain of $7.10 to $1,812.30 on Tuesday, the highest level for the most-active contract since June 29, according to FactSet data.


advanced 2.5% to $23,720.

Asia markets were softer after data showed China’s inflation at a two-year high. The Shanghai Composite

ended 0.5% lower. Hong Kong’s Hang Seng

shed 2%, and Japan’s Nikkei 225

fell 0.65%.

The STOXX Europe 600 Index

 rose 0.9%, while London’s FTSE 100 Index 

 ended up 0.3% higher.

— Jamie Chisholm contributed to this article.

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