Gay and lesbian adults in the U.S. have been more likely than their heterosexual counterparts to get vaccinated against COVID-19, a government report released this month concludes.
About 85% of gay or lesbian adults reported receiving at least one dose of a coronavirus vaccine, compared to 76% of heterosexual adults and 76% of bisexual adults, according to the report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The researchers drew from data collected Aug. 29 through Oct. 30, 2021, from more than 153,000 U.S. adults.
Gay and bisexual men were also more likely than heterosexual men to express confidence in the safety of COVID-19 vaccines, and bisexual women were more likely than heterosexual women to say the same.
Meanwhile, non-Hispanic Black LGBT people had the lowest vaccination coverage of any group, and the researchers found no significant vaccine-coverage differences by gender identity.
“Understanding COVID-19 vaccination coverage and confidence among LGBT populations, and identifying the conditions under which disparities exist, can help tailor local efforts to increase vaccination coverage,” the study authors wrote.
“‘COVID isolation significantly impacted LGBTQ people, which may have motivated quick vaccination to reenter the community.’”
— Community Marketing & Insights report
The CDC report didn’t delve into the reasons behind gay and lesbian adults getting vaccinated at higher rates.
But a separate survey released last summer by the LGBTQ research firm Community Marketing & Insights, which found 92% of LGBTQ participants reported receiving at least one COVID-19 vaccination, suggested high vaccination rates may be due in part to higher shares of LGBTQ Americans leaning politically liberal and living in urban areas and blue states. Overall, Democrats have been more likely than Republicans to get vaccinated against COVID-19.
“Many in the LGBTQ community may have more experience with medical science through education, workplaces, or other personal medical concerns,” that report added. “In addition, COVID isolation significantly impacted LGBTQ people, which may have motivated quick vaccination to reenter the community.”
Indeed, as MarketWatch reported last year, the pandemic and resulting economic shocks disproportionately impacted LGBTQ people’s mental health and exacerbated existing health disparities.
Research published in August by KFF, a healthcare think tank, also found LGBT adults (82%) were more likely than non-LGBT adults (66%) to report having received at least one COVID-19 vaccine dose. LGBT respondents were also more likely than non-LGBT respondents to say that news coverage “generally underestimated” the pandemic’s seriousness.
The latter finding is potentially “a reflection of the disproportionate mental health and economic struggles they have faced,” KFF suggested, adding, “This may also be a factor in their relative enthusiasm and high uptake of the COVID-19 vaccine.”
Meanwhile, previous CDC research has found that gay, lesbian and bisexual adults report higher rates than their heterosexual counterparts of health conditions that put people at greater risk for severe COVID-19 illness. Discrimination and stigmatization may heighten their vulnerability to illness, that report said, as well as impact healthcare access, work and economic security, and relationships where they can freely express gender identity and sexual orientation.
The present CDC study emphasized the need for including sexual orientation and gender identity in surveys, coronavirus testing, reporting of cases and vaccine administration in order to help boost healthcare access among LGBTQ people.
“Adding sexual orientation and gender identity to national data collection systems would be a major step toward monitoring disparities and developing a better-informed public-health strategy to achieve health equity for the LGBT population,” the authors write.